Ladies and Gentlemen. Hereby I write the third part of the series “People’ Part in Indian Economy”.
In earlier articles, it was established that there are two vital economic indicators which are capable of displaying the real picture of economic state of the nation:
1. GDP (PPP) per capita.
2. GINI Coefficient.
Hence, we should now create some tool to compare the various economies on the above said indicators. High GDP ppp per capita and Low GINI coefficient.
Here we go. Following is a Scatter Graph “GDP (PPP) per capita Vs GINI Coefficient” for the world’s most important economic centers: G20 Nations. G20 is a group of 20 major economies in world. On x-axis, GINI Coefficient is shown and on y-axis, GDP (PPP) per capita of the various nations is used.
India enjoys one of the very prestigious position in G20. Well, from the above graph it doesnt seem so. India is at the last of the positions. Why so?
Following are the statistics for description of G20 properly. Please have a look.
India stands tenth in the list of GDP (Nominal) which is good enough when compared in a group of G20. Moreover, the GDP (PPP) criteria, the indicator which is more potent in explaining the mechanics of Domestic markets, India stands a robust 3rd position. It should be noted that GDP (PPP) of US at second position is worth 2.5 times that of India. Hence, a huge gap is found at this position. GDP(PPP) is favoured in my analysis over to GDP Nominal because GDP (PPP) is better index. Ask for more explanation if have doubts.
Explaining the scatter graph now. The x-Axis shows the GDP(PPP) per capita, and because the population of India is huge, in spite of a very healthy GDP (ppp), the GDP (ppp) per capita is reduced to just meager US$5777; compared to US $54678 and China US$12893. Here is where Population hurts.!!
But huge population is an advantage also. I talk later about that. Demography!
If we divide the scatter graph into four quadrants. And name them anticlock wise from I to IV, the economies lying in II quadrant of the graph (high GDP ppp per capita and Lower GINI coefficient) are the best economies in world. These are the economies who have a Huge GDP, Well Managed Population, and Best Distribution of GDP (total income) among the Population. Just like a nation where all are earning handsomely. Enjoying a genuine standard of Living. Hence, Australia, Germany, France, Canada, UK, South Korea are the most prosperous nations in the Group of 20.
The GINI Coefficient of India is 33.9 and that of France is 32.7. Quite good. It means the money in India is distributed similar to France. But GDP(PPP) per capita is so less that almost everybody is getting almost Nothing.!! India needs to increase the GDP (PPP) in every state and district separately. Indians should buy Indian goods. There is a difference between GDP Nominal and GDP ppp: Indians purchasing Indian goods will increase the GDP ppp. That is what we want.
Moreover, the GINI Coefficient in India is varying in following trend.
This article is written to conclude the earlier discussion done in Part I and Part II.
1. Population should be controlled. Fertility Rate should be lower than 2. Hence, Indians those are content with one child or those who could convince themselves for one child, should bring up one child only. It would be beneficial to India. Even if small minority does that. The rate is 2.51. It may or may not reduce to 1.5 but, nevertheless, if reduced to 2, will serve India much. Those who are able to convince themselves. India is a democracy, force cannot be used regarding Fertility.!!
2. Citizens as Producers of Goods. India needs business houses. Small, but many. MSME will help us generate GDP as well as distribute GDP. Big business houses help only in generating GDP and ignore the distribution factor. Indians have JOB Mentality. It should be removed.!!! Be self-employed. Not necessarily, that every body should have a Multi Dolor business like flipkart, but a business as small as an individual Doctor, Web Designers, and other self-employee, are the antidote for sick economy. “Be Self-Employed” and “Don’t do Job” attitude. It may generate small GDP at individual center but because India has huge population and lot many such centers could be created, HUGE GDP can be generated. HUGE GDP!! Good Distribution!! This is where demography comes into picture. Huge population which is seen bane, could be converted into boon by this very step. People will bless the huge population. Moreover, demographers say India is a young nation. This is where young, dynamic, powerful, intelligent youth will help!! “Power of Demography”. Quality of your products is crucial to be maintained always. Consumers will prefer Quality only.
3. Citizens as Consumers. India is a big market. Irony is, Indian Companies are not able to tap. Citizens should diversify their shopping kart. Give chance to non-established companies. The companies which are new. Let them earn, let them be stable, let them grow. Only then, one day, these new companies will beat established companies. The R&D of these companies will grow. “Purchase from non-established companies” should be attitude. Their is a problem with Indian attitude. Hero-Worshiping is very dominating in India. Shahrukh Khan Movies will always earn money whether they are good enough or not. Rajnikant likewise. In movies, in politics, everywhere. Now, Narendra Modi is a brand. Everybody associated with him. Similarly, in economics also, there is chunk of consumers those who prefer only already tried material. They want to purchase from one same brand again and again. Ex. Reebok, Nike, or for e-commerce: flipkart. And they are so stubborn, prejudiced or insecure, that they seldom give chance to other brands. This sticking with brands is against the principle of “Distribution of GDP”. Money is gathering in one hand only. Please do not do that. Vivekananda preached “No Hero-Worshiping”.
4. Preference Order Graphically. Provided the quality of the product is never negotiated, preference should be given to the products manufactured in your district first, then your state and then you nation. Then only, in the case of non-availability of desired product, the preference should go to foreign companies. “Be Patriotic to the core.”
Similar analysis have to be performed on Indian States too. Interesting conclusions could be reached. Which state needs to improve at what indicator could be established. Wait for the next series.
The problem statement has reduced itself. How to get HIGHER ‘per capita income” with equal distribution of money; HIGHER EQUALITY. This is not an easy task!
There are two aspects where People of India should help.
1. As producers.
2. As consumers.
We need more business houses. Instead of creating large, huge, massive business houses (a lot of money concentrated in few hands), India must concentrate at creating number of small businesses. We do not want “World’s Richest’s”, we want more number of richer people. More number of businesses in nation leads to betterment in GINI index. For example, if Flipkart is doing good, this is no reason why snapdeal should not be given chance. If one day, Flipkart wins the competition and snap deal dies: the economy may move towards creating more GDP but lesser equality too. We need more e-commerce outlets. Similarly, the principle should be extended to other fields too. Let us say clothing. If we buy Pentaloon’s and never give chance to West-Side, one day, West-Side will give way to Pentaloon’s. Again killing one company.
Hence, we reach two conclusion. First Indians capable of opening business outlets should never shun away from establishing businesses. They should never take up jobs.!! Never..!! Howsoever small scale it may be, the business house is going to help India much: in generating GDP, in creating equality, eradicating poverty, reducing office harassment, improving work culture, what else we want. But these new business houses have to live the competition. There’s no respite from this. One has to maintain quality and take care of the consumers, help consumers, love consumers, live for consumers. No respite. The GDP produced could be high only if the companies are huge. But equality demands that number of huge companies should be there. This will result in very high GDP and more equitable distribution of money. Every business house got to have their R&D sector; extra-ordinary artists. Very Crucial. The Crux.
Secondly, the Indians acting like consumers should give chance to these new outlets. Indians have tendency to stick to brands. The hero-worshiping is bad. Never be brand-conscious. Or atleast never stick to one brand. Give chance to other outlets to grow.!! Just like Micromax.! Do not kill Karbon too.!! Give chance to Gionee and many more outlets. Only this will help create more job opportunities and hence, will distribute more money, creating equality thereby. This will help in increasing the value of Indian Rupee too. You see it is so evident from this mobile industry, that by sheer outburst of so many manufacturing companies, the cell phones have become cheaper, or we can say, the power of Indian Rupee as per cell phone market is concerned has increased. Here, I intend to relate the valuation and devaluation of currency in national and international markets.
Last, but not the least. The People of India should identify Indian manufacturers; the owner of the company should be Indian. The Indian Rupee should remain in India.
3. Buy majorly Indian products. Buying foreign goods is also important as per augmentation of new technology is concerned and also, to foster a healthy competition in Indian domestic and international markets. Nevertheless fostering the Indian Manufacturing Companies is also crucial. But these new business houses have to live the competition. It’s the only way to true economic independence.
There are some directives for Government of India too.
1. Make it compulsory for all the manufacturers in India to use a small symbol of “Indian Flag” on the packaging of the product. Hence, to separate it from the products of other countries. Moreover, if the products of all various countries are made to use the flag symbol of their country of origin, citizens would be aware which product belongs to which country. Hence, citizens will make choice of buying or not buying the products based on the foreign relations of that nation with India. Hence, People of India would be able to buy more products originating in friendly country. Thereby, the large potential market of India will be tapped only by friendly nations and not by nations who are not in good terms with our nation. This will give GOI a tool for economic warfare and also, diplomacy at international levels, as India is a big market. Flag symbol of country of origin should be made compulsory for all products sold in Indian market.
2. India needs more business houses. Let them first develop. GOI should provide the fresh entrepreneur with required and demanded knowledge and know how. For instance, free Hotel Management courses to small Dhaba and Hotel owners in Himachal and other tourist places so that they may understand the dynamics of marketing and management which could be pre-requisite for a healthy food business. Government should push middle class into opening and running more businesses. GOI should concentrate at creating new business men. This is the Pith.
3. Moreover, the GOI should issue advisory to People of India for how to diversify their shopping kart by suggesting the various Indian companies for each product. Or GOI can provide for such lists online. The business houses should be asked to register on that very website for preparing the exhaustive list of India based companies. People of India needs to be educated in this term. This is the Gist.
Effects which could be produced by the above said measures:
1. Population will stabilize. The Fertility rate should become equal to 2 or lesser than 2. This is very important. The Economy and Population are two independent variables but are still related. Lesser population is easier to manage.
2. GDP will grow. Buying Indian product. The total income generated by the nation will increase. By buying majorly Indian products, Indian companies would be boosted. They will have more space of money to maneuver.
3. Equality will not be negotiated. The poor of the nation will not be that poor. Today, the poor of developed country is much better than poor of our country. This statement will be held wrong. The GDP (National Income) would be almost equally distributed, thereby uprooting the poverty.
4. Poverty eradication. Poor people elevation. There is no other means of poverty eradication. Giving money straightway to poor people is a bad idea. For poverty eradication, middle class people have to rise and add themselves into upper rich business class. This will redistribute the money from the super rich towards the poor.
5. Cultural Development. Once the social security of all kind is achieved, the way for cultural development will be opened. Only then “Honesty is the best policy” will hold true. Firstly, hunger should eradicated, only then we could talk about ART. Museums will come up. Indians will then only start discussing and generating Art and Culture.
6. The respect for Employee in companies will increase. Employee harassment of all kinds will be tackled. Eve teasing and office harassment of women could also be tackled effectively. Employees would be in respectable position.
7. Unemployment will vanish. Job opportunities will increase. Everybody will be satisfied.
8. The value of Indian Rupee will increase (the things we can buy for Rs.100/- now, we will be able to buy the same number of things for just Rs.50/-); first in domestic market and then in international market. Value of Indian Currency in terms of Dollar is bound to increase. Indian Rupee Currency is so much devalued in Domestic Market itself, that Indians can not buy anything for Re.1/-. Leave aside rising the value of Indian Currency worldwide.
9. A Prosperous Innocent Nation.
Sone ki Chidiya
Please wait for my next article in the series “People’s Part in Indian Economy”. In that article, GINI coefficient would be explained. I will try to be as discrete as possible.
1. If good and evil are equally parts of god, then how would choosing good be any better than choosing evil?
2. If good and evil are the same, then how does one differentiate good and evil acts/attitudes in the first place?
3. How and why would anybody make any moral judgments at all if there is no essential difference between good and evil?
Ohh, and let me add a fourth question to that:
4. If all things are a part of god, then what makes humanity any more special than any other living creature? To put it another way, what makes the death of a human being any more tragic than the death of the ants that we step on, or the various plants and animals that we consume in order to sustain ourselves?
The reply given to DMPATRIUM:
So, I have some very conceptual questions to answer. For this we have to delve deeper into the concepts of Hinduism. Because you have now asked these questions, I will try my best to explain you the concepts and that even in brief. But am afraid still, this article may consume much of your space.
First of all, try to understand, that this discussion must not be regarded as a clash of religions or thoughts. This discussion should be regarded as the introspection for the humanity with a purpose of understanding the purpose of these religions and what it actually did. Why the humanity gave birth to the concept called religion and what purpose it answered?
Considering all the eastern religions as a part of Hinduism somewhere, or taking them as being influenced by this most ancient religion (as claimed in the main article), if I ask how many religions are there in the world. The answer should be three: Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. But I consider Hinduism as not being a religion altogether. Hinduism is not a religion. Yes, there are only two religions in the world. Now when I say religion, your mind unconsciously tries to compare them all. And hence, many of the principles and rules and conventions regarding religions, the westerns or the middle-eastern people experience in their religion, are thought to be obvious for other religions too. But in the case of Hinduism it is different.
For instance, the concept of holy books was not present in Hinduism. The Christianity has Bible and the Islam has Quran. This concept was not present in Hinduism. Actually, there are many books and vedas written in Hinduism. This religion (if we call it) is not based on one book. Bhagwat Geeta itself is a part of another holy book “Mahabharata”. I say “Bhagwad-Purana” is actually the holy book. Or maybe, I am still wrong. The Mahabharata is the longest Sanskrit epic. Its longest version consists of over 100,000 shloka or over 200,000 individual verse lines (each shloka is a couplet and has a meaning), and long prose passages (and detailed explanations). About 1.8 million words in total, the Mahabharata is roughly ten times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined, or about four times the length of the Ramayana, leave apart the Bible and the Quran. There’s a long list of the epics written, the Rigveda, Yajurveda, the Upnishads, Puranas etc. Now, will it be right to categorize one book as a holy book? Still I regard Bhagwad-Geeta to be most superior, because of its concise size and one can find in it the actual enlightening knowledge. The biggest problem of Hinduism, I think, is that nobody today has time for so big volumes to study. It may take years to study properly even the one epic.!! Not even the Bhagwad Geeta properly. And hence, even after having a written material regarding this religion, I don’t consider it as a codified religion. Missionaries are not allowed, and the educated Indians are not that interested in what they said.
Religions were made with a purpose of making the life simpler and beautiful. The concept made to fight the wrong forces of monarchy and with a purpose to establish civilizations that bases themselves on human values. The principles (teachings, preaching) of Religions were similar to the principles of democracy, socialism, communism with just being in a different category. Their proponents at those times of monarchy did an attempt to improve the lives of individuals and the society with these new found principles. Now as there was no principle of democracy earlier but people in US gave it the initial shape, similarly, there were no notions regarding any religion in the world too. Now if we have a look on Quran, there are postulates based on which the property of the father must be divided in the family. This principle has nothing to do with God but still it is the part of the holy book. These religions became the rule books for the followers. It is similar to saying that my religion is “7 habits of highly effective people” and my Prophet is “Stephan Covey” who started this religion. And if am not following any of its principles, am not being perfect and I deviated; the other follower of this religion has a right to teach me a true lesson. This is what is happening in religions and sects. The holy books have been reduced to the “self-help book” or some kind of “rule-books”. A Discipline has been imposed. Note: there is a difference between rules and morals.
Another great difference is that before Jesus, nobody was Christian, and before the Prophet of Mohammad there were no Muslims. But in Hinduism it’s not like that. Before was a Hindu, After was a Hindu. Then was a Hindu, Now is a Hindu. If Ram started this religion then how come Dashrath (Ram’s father) was a Hindu.
Another difference: a huge follower base which Christianity and Islam have, proves that to create a huge massive human force behind one person or one cause and generate a massive army to fight for one cause, one single holy-book of the size of Bible or Quran is enough. There is actually no need to write so many vedas and huge volumes of epics and complex stories about Gods and their lives. One could have assembled a huge man force just by one book, or one person, or one prophet. Then why, Hindu rishis and others have written so big volume of work. Nowhere in Hindu scriptures or any of the Hindu scripture have the word ‘Hindu’ appeared. They never say that Hindu is brother of Hindu. Hindu’s are always lamenting that Hindus are never united! We should take care of brothers and those who don’t follow are kafirs.!! Or likewise blasphemies.!! Whatever they wrote was applicable to all humans, doesn’t matter who you are where you from. “Meditation will calm your mind and emotions” is a fact. Whether you are Hindu or Muslim or Christian doesn’t matter. Infact, in Hinduism there’s a story about a person who hates Shivji, and Shivji professes that hate is also a kind of love. Now please don’t ask me how.!!
This term Hinduism or Hindu, was coined by foreigners. It means people living beyond the river Indus towards the eastern side. The term was coined by Muslims near about 1200AD just to differentiate between the Muslims and the others (kafirs). According to them the people living beyond Indus were less enlightened because they were not following their “self-help book”. They differentiated and wanted others to improve. And hence, they created Hindus and Muslims. And when British came here they adopted the same differentiation. How does that mattered to them who Hindus were. Because what mattered to them was, that people in Indian subcontinent are not Christians again, because they are not following their “self-help book”. They were on a mission.!! Like the earlier foreign forces without understanding the local public or local culture, they reached a decision that Indians are not that enlightened.!!
Now, I tell you a basic theme, why my religion is not a religion. And if it is not a religion then what is it? When Christianity was created, other beliefs and sects were present. This religion created a faction. When Islam was created, another faction was created, may be they were not satisfied with what they had earlier to Islam. Hence, there have to be something to differentiate between the followers and the non-followers. Hence, some symbols were created. Hindus do have some symbols but they vary from culture to culture. Hence, they are less of a religious symbol and more of cultural. So, now, Islam gave some rules and regulations for Muslims and likewise for Christianity, for the Christians. They were beliefs. But the principles, rules and morals of Hinduism (if you call it) were different. At that time, may be 3000BC, people never needed armies. The religion was not for army sake. And the rules and conventions were not meant for a single sect: Hindu. They were applicable on humans. All humans.!! Yoga is a science, Meditation is a science. The Guna theory professed by Shri Krishna, is total enlightening psychology. All the psychological diseases, ranging from emotional disorder, bipolar disorder, split-personality, post-traumatic stress disorder, and many more, for which human are still not able to find solution, Meditation works for them.! Smoking and Drinking can also be got rid of with pure, true meditation. Meditation and yoga not only induces physical changes but behavioural changes also. The tone of speaking becomes polite. The voice becomes cleaner. I have never seen a yogi with a bad voice. One need not to go to gym, your body can attain a perfect shape by yoga and meditation itself. One may not get a body like that of Greek Gods but one will definitely attain a body like that of Shri Ram and Shri Krishna.
Hinduism is a Science. It should be studied like a Science. One got to be scientific to understand the principles of Hinduism. One got to be that much innovative, that much curious and that much progressive. Vivekananda is of the view, as the citizens become more scientific all religions will start crumbling. The dogmas will be shattered. The spirituality will emerge from the superstitions. Other religions have already started falling. There already has been a debate in Christian countries regarding separating religion and the state and the science. And what would be left is only Hinduism (if you still call it Hinduism).
Hinduism preaches democracy. Hinduism preaches secularism. A Hindu that hates non-Hindus is not a perfect Hindu.
The beauty of the truth is that everybody must meet at one point. Now you say what is good and what is bad. I tell you. Now, one religion teaches one something and the other teaches something else. And also, they teach rules, they teach discipline. If one doesn’t follow the others discipline, they are opposite to each other. And hence, one is good and the other is bad.! Hence, the Crusader wars, to eradicate bad. Hence the world war I and II, to eradicate bad.!! Whose bad?? When we teach them rules, discipline, this is what happens. One discipline fights the other discipline. Nobody sees what morals say. They see what the book says. If Stephan Covey tells to his students that everybody follow my book, and everybody will become perfect, world will become perfect. Maybe he’s not wrong rationally. But he’s not right even.!! People who study Dale Carnegie, Benjamin, Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak may also be perfect. Not understanding this fact, is bad.
Hinduism preaches morals and only morals, and no rules. How to pray, what to wear, how to wear, how to greet, is not the subject matter. There are absolutely no rules in this religion. Total freedom. North Indian Hindus don’t eat non-veg, South Indian Hindus don’t have any inhibition regarding non-veg. Kerala’s Hindu is completely different from Punjabi Hindu.!! There are morals: we should respect everybody, respect your elders, respect your teachers etc. Every sentence start with should. It preaches morals and not rules, and hence, if somebody breaks morals, doesn’t matter. But if you break rule, backlash is obvious. Hence, Hindus are peaceful.
I suppose your first three questions have been answered.
And now the fourth one: If all things are a part of God, then what makes humanity any more special than any other living creature? To put it another way, what makes the death of a human being any more tragic than the death of the ants that we step on, or the various plants and animals that we consume in order to sustain ourselves?
According to the Indian religion, Humanity is nothing special to other live forms in those terms. At homes in India, they preach their children to be careful and not to hurt other forms of living organism in anyway. The ants and the birds are so much respected that especially the food is kept for them. The ants are given wheat flour and the first piece of bread from our own food is always left for birds. This religion preaches we all are equal. Hinduism never preaches that we should not weep on the death of an animal, or otherwise, it also preaches that one should not weep on the death of the human being even. The holy-book Bhagwad Geeta is based on this notion only. That Arjun, o warrior, don’t weep the death of your relatives.!!! (I don’t think foreigners would be able to digest it. Moreover, our last rituals after death are also different. Hindu’s burn the body and also, all the things associated with the deceased are also donated, in order to wash the as many memories as possible.)
I hope you won’t mind the space taken by me. The Bhagwad Geeta, known to be most concise version is 700-verse scripture, and I attempted to preach and you wanted to learn the same, in just one article.!
Thanks for providing the space. And nothing was intended to offend, so please don’t mind if some offensive utterances have been done mistakenly. These topics are sensitive, meant only for mature people.